Need a Get Back in Shape Workout Plan? Think FIT!
- 3 Minutes Read
Need a get back in shape workout plan? Think FIT. These strategies can help you successfully start an exercise program or return to exercise after a long layoff.
Congratulations if you have just decided to start an exercise program, or if you are getting back into working out after a long layoff! To help you ease into improved fitness with a low risk of injury, think "FIT" for a get back in shape workout plan.
FIT is an acronym for Frequency, Intensity, and Time. The idea for getting back into working out after a long layoff is to gradually increase only one component at a time so that your heart, lungs, muscles, joints, and supporting tissues are given a chance to adequately support the increased activity. Your brain leads the way but your body needs a chance to catch up to prevent injury..
As a general rule, increase frequency or time first as you progress through your get back in shape workout plan, and then work on increasing intensity.
That means using the stairs more frequently, parking further away from your destination, walking or bicycling instead of driving, less TV or computer viewing during leisure time, and simply moving more during the day. Work towards increasing your activities of daily living for about a month or so to help you prepare for getting back into working out after a long layoff.
The next step is to start your get back in shape workout plan with a frequency of about 3 days per week. Try to space out exercise days throughout the week instead of just exercising during the weekend. Be sure to keep up your activities of daily living too. Consider tracking your steps (wear a pedometer, allow your smartphone to track steps, or wear a fitness watch) to ensure that you meet your number of steps target. Many people aim for 10,000 steps a day. This includes both activities of daily living as well as exercise.
Work up to 6 days per week of activity over the course of 6 months.
Window shopping, cooking, and strolling are lower intensity activities that can be performed while singing or talking without effort. When working out, aim to work up to a moderate intensity level to gain more health benefits. At this level, it should be a little hard to carry on a conversation and singing is difficult.
You can also use your heart rate as a measure of exercise intensity. If you have taken a stress test or exercise test, then use your measured maximal heart rate for determining a moderate intensity range (about 50 - 70% of maximal heart rate). If you cannot measure your true maximal heart rate, then you can use an old rule of thumb to estimate it: 220 - your age in years. For instance, a 50-year-old would use 170 beats per minute (BPM) as their estimated maximal heart rate, with a goal of exercising at 85 - 120 BPM for moderate intensity.
If you take medication that affects your heart rate or if you are over 40 and have health conditions, then please ask your healthcare provider for an appropriate exercise prescription.
Start with a duration that works for you - do not try to keep up with a more fit person if you are just getting started. Even 10-minute chunks of time can provide health benefits. For instance, if you are very out of shape, you might start with 10 minutes of walking, 3 days a week. Over the course of a few weeks, you can increase your frequency to 5 days a week. Perhaps you find that over time, you can manage to get two 10-minute walks completed in a day. Hopefully, over the course of six months, you can work up to three 10-minute walks, at least 5 days a week. Moderate intensity exercise performed for 150 minutes per week (30 minutes/day x 5 days/week) is the goal for reduced risk and improved management of diabetes and heart disease.
As a general rule, increase the time by 5-minute increments to help reduce the risk of injury.
If you are able to tolerate a longer duration and are using exercise for weight control, then eventually work up to about 60 minutes of activity, most days of the week. If you track calories, then you can more precisely fine tune calories burned from exercise to meet your weight control goals.
Content was reviewed and updated by Brenda Braslow, MS, RDN, LDN, CDCES on April 1, 2022.
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