What is the Food Grade?
You are at the grocery store staring at 100 boxes of breakfast cereal. How do you decide which one is healthier? If you have the time and interest, you might pick up several boxes and read the Nutrition Facts panel. But which nutrients are more important to pay attention to – the ones that can be harmful, the ones that are beneficial, or both? Wouldn’t it be convenient if there was a way to score foods so that both harmful and beneficial components are taken into account with one number? MyNetDiary has such a scoring system - it is called “Food Grade.” The Food Grade is based upon a food scoring system which is described in the section below. Most folks prefer to view the Food Score for each food item, so that is the default view.
How is the Food Score Calculated?
Food Score is calculated using an equation derived from food ratings of nutrition experts using information found on the Nutrition Facts panel. That is, Food Score mimics how a nutrition expert would score the healthfulness of a food based upon its nutrition label. The equation uses the content of twelve required nutrients listed on the Nutrition Facts panel: total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carb, fiber, sugar, protein, vitamins A and C, calcium, and iron.
Some nutrients have a stronger effect on Food Score than others. For instance, fiber will affect Food Score more strongly and positively than any other nutrient. That means foods higher in fiber will score higher than foods that are lower in fiber. Protein, vitamins A and C, calcium, and iron will also have a positive effect on the score. The reverse is true for saturated fat – foods higher in that type of fat will have a lower Food Score. Total fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrates, and sugars will also have a negative effect on the score. For more detailed information about the Food Score and how it is calculated, see Appendix A below.
Most Food Scores will vary from -5 (less healthy) to +5 (more healthy) for serving sizes listed on the Nutrition Facts panel. For instance:
|Item||Serving Size||Food Score|
|SpaghettiOs spaghetti in tomato and cheese sauce||1 cup||-1|
|Spaghetti cooked, enriched, without salt||1 cup||2|
|Spaghetti, whole wheat, cooked||1 cup||4|
If you log a larger or smaller serving size, then your score will be higher or lower, depending upon the nutrient content. For example, 1 cup of olive oil has a Food Score of −24 whereas 1 tablespoon is -1 and 1 teaspoon is 0.
Some people have a good feel for numbers whereas others prefer grades. The relationship between the Food Score and Food Grade is a simple conversion developed by MyNetDiary. Higher positive numbers are considered healthier by this food scoring system so their Food Grade is higher. Negative numbers are considered less healthy so their Food Grade is lower.
How Should I Use this Score?
The Food Score or Grade is not meant to be used as a measure of a food’s worth. Use Food Score simply to compare similar types of foods. As often as you can, choose to consume foods and beverages with higher Food Grades (e.g. A vs. D) or positive Food Scores. By doing so, you will more likely be choosing foods that are:
- Lower in saturated fat, total fat, total carbs, sugar, cholesterol, and sodium
- Higher in fiber, protein, calcium, and Vitamins A and C
Limitations of the Food Score
- MyNetDiary needs to use an automated scoring system to handle the extremely large food item database. There are a number of other food scoring systems available but MyNetDiary cannot be limited by a manual system with a small database of foods. MyNetDiary is considering how to develop and test their own food scoring system so that it stays current with nutrition science, as well as stays abreast of the new food label (due in 2020).
- Low-carb/high-fat diets. Keep in mind that the scoring and grading system was developed in 2009 and the original research team has not updated the scoring system since that time. For instance, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans no longer has a recommended cholesterol cap yet this scoring system still penalizes for cholesterol content. Also, fats and oils are not well represented by Food Grade or Score simply because of the nature of the food (nearly all fat). You can hide Food Grade/Score from view if you do not find it useful.
- Food Grade/Score will not be as useful or accurate for foods with missing nutrient data. The scoring uses 12 nutrients currently required on U.S. food labels. However, restaurant foods, food packages from other countries, and the new food label (due 2020) do not contain data for all 12 of those nutrients.
- Food Grade/Score was developed using nutrients found only on the Nutrition Facts panel, so foods high in other important nutrients (e.g. omega-3 fats, zinc, potassium, polyphenols, etc.) may or may not have a high Food Grade/Score. Use common sense if you feel that a nutritious food should be included in your diet even though the Food Score is not as high as another food you deem less nutritious.
- Food Grade/Score does not include calories. Look at calories for weight control and use the Food Grade/Score to help you pick more nutritious choices among like items.
Viewing Food Grade vs. Food Score
The default view for food items and reports is to view the Food Grade. You can choose to view the Food Score instead of Food Grade by changing your preference via Plan / Nutrient Targets for web and Android apps, or via Food Entry Setting in iPhone app (open a meal then tap the 3-dot icon at the top right of the screen, then tap Settings).
Hiding Food Grade
If you want to hide Food Grade or Score from view on food labels and meal reports, then you can do that via Plan / Nutrient Targets for web and Android apps, or via Food Entry Setting in iPhone app (open a meal then tap the 3-dot icon at the top right of the screen, then tap Settings).
Appendix A: Food Score Formula
The methodology was published in the June 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, in the article “Modeling Expert Opinions on Food Healthfulness: A Nutrition Metric” by Jolie M. Martin, MBA, PhD; John Beshears, AM; Katherine L. Milkman; Max H. Bazerman, PhD; Lisa A. Sutherland, PhD, and used by MyNetDiary with permission. Read the article for more detail about how and why the Food Score was created.
- 0.0538 × Total Fat
- 0.423 × Saturated Fat
- 0.00398 × Cholesterol
- 0.00254 × Sodium
- 0.0300 × Total Carbs
+ 0.561 × Fiber
- 0.0245 × Sugars
+ 0.123 × Protein
+ 0.00562 × Vitamin A
+ 0.0137 × Vitamin C
+ 0.0685 × Calcium
- 0.0186 × Iron
Last Updated on Aug 20, 2019
This article can be found at https://www.mynetdiary.com/food-score.html